BEIJING • China now has more privately held start-ups valued by investors at over US$1 billion (S$1.36 billion) than the United States, a report has said.
There were 206 Chinese firms out of a global total of 494 ultra-valuable start-ups - known as "unicorns" - in June, according to research firm Hurun Report.
This makes China the country with the largest number of unicorns, with the US coming in second with 203 such companies.
"China and the US dominate with over 80 per cent of the world's known unicorns, despite representing only half of the world's gross domestic product and a quarter of the world's population," said Hurun Report chairman Rupert Hoogewerf. "The rest of the world needs to wake up to creating an environment that allows unicorns to flourish."
According to Hurun, China is home to the world's three most valuable unicorns - Alibaba affiliate Ant Financial, app maker ByteDance and ride-hailing giant Didi Chuxing, which have a combined value of US$280 billion.
Major US names such as Airbnb and co-working space operator WeWork also made the list, which included lesser-known start-ups like California-based automated pizza delivery company Zume and Indian fantasy sports platform Dream11.
Hurun, which released its inaugural Global Unicorn List yesterday, said this was the first time China's number of unicorns was confirmed by researchers to have surpassed the US' figure.
A report released in June by another research firm, Visual Capitalist, found only 94 unicorns from China compared with 156 from the US, based on data from May.
The companies identified by Hurun were founded only seven years ago on average, and more than half come from five industries "disrupting the world economy", said Mr Hoogewerf.
E-commerce and financial technology, or fintech, accounted for the most unicorns globally, followed by cloud computing, artificial intelligence and logistics, according to Hurun.
Additionally, a number of companies on the list were formerly units of larger companies that had been split off.
"Chinese companies are far and away the most successful at spinning off unicorns, with 18 of the world's 20 'spun-off' unicorns," said Mr Hoogewerf.
"Alibaba, for example, started Alipay, before spinning its fintech business into Ant Financial in 2014."